The cholera outbreak in Haiti began shortly after its disastrous 2010 earthquake. The incidence rate has since decreased by 90% due to efforts of the Haitian government, the UN, the UNICEF, and their various partners. However, more funds are needed to completely eliminate the disease as well as provide Haitians with clean water access and good sanitation facilities.
Rapid response teams
To combat the cholera situation in Haiti, $3.5-4 million a year is needed to maintain a rapid response mechanism comprised of 50 teams. These teams are dispatched to every reported case to help sanitise the affected area and provide oral rehydration. They also help with Zika and other infectious diseases. With these teams, the number of cases went down by 90% to 36,000 last year.
UNICEF and their partners are working on implementing cholera treatment centres in isolated areas; with the government to improve the overall health-care system; and with the population to reduce open defecation. The UN and the prime minister of Haiti launched a campaign in 2014, resulting in a total of 31 communities becoming open defecation free.
However, urban areas still need improving as they have become the centre of cholera circulation. UNICEF would like to invest in reducing contamination there as well as repairing the water system. About $5 million is needed to map out weaknesses in water system.
Up to May this year, about 780,000 cases have been reported, with over 9,000 deaths. As of June this year, $67 million was used in projects reaching 400,000 beneficiaries. There is still a long way to go to stop cholera in Haiti as well as provide the country with a good, stable health-care system.
United Nations News Centre, 2016. United Nations News Centre. [Online]
Available at: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=54383#.V4KSYLh942y
[Accessed 10 July 2016].